Project Description

ERNEST TAYLOR EASTWOOD 1877–1918

1017247

Born 12th February 1877, Radcliffe on Trent

Baptised 1st April 1877 at St Mary’s Church, Radcliffe on Trent

Daughter Winifred Ellen born 29 August 1912, mother Florence Clark

Died 11th July 1918, age 41

Burial: 15th July 1918 Radcliffe on Trent cemetery. Gravestone no longer present.

Remembered on Radcliffe on Trent War Memorial

Radcliffe on Trent School Register

Admitted April 1880

1881 Census

Ernest Taylor Eastwood four years old and living with father, Simon, stonemason, mother, Ellen, née Taylor, brothers William, age 15, Henry, 9, and sister Anne, 6, on Bingham Rd, Radcliffe on Trent.

1891 Census

Age 14 living with father Simon and brother William 25, both stone masons and mother Ellen on Bingham Road, Radcliffe on Trent. He was employed as an apprentice Lace Agent.

1901 Census

Regular soldier in the British Army, rank Corporal, serving with the Royal Engineers. His father Simon, mother Ellen and brother William were still living on Bingham Road, Radcliffe on Trent. Simon and William were working as stone masons. His brother Henry was also a Corporal serving with the Royal Engineers and living in Weymouth with his wife Emma.

1906

Death of father Simon Thomas, age 66

1911 Census

Age 34 and boarding in Felixstowe with Florence Mahala Drage nee Clarke, and working as an electrician for the Royal Engineers. The husband of Florence Drage, William, was a regular soldier, a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. Household consisted of William’s wife, Florence, age 30,  William’s four step children, ages 5-10, by Florence’s previous marriage to Charles London (died 1905), William and Florence’s three children, ages 1-5 and two servants. Ernest’s mother and brother William (single) remain living on Bingham Road, Radcliffe on Trent. William has his own business as a stone mason. His brother Henry was married and living in Shrewsbury, Shropshire with his wife and four children. He was a Quartermaster Sergeant with the Royal Engineers, working as a military foreman.

Military Service before 1914

Rank: Private (promoted Mechanist Sergeant Major then Lieutenant by end of WWI service)

Service Number: 28900

Military Unit: Royal Engineers

Theatre of War: South Africa

Attested in Derby February 1st 1895

Age 18, trade, stone mason, height 5ft 8ins, weight 130 lbs, complexion fresh, eyes blue, hair brown, religion Church of England. Certified fit for service 15.2.1895

15.2.1895-11.6.1900: Home

29.7.95: Transferred to 38 Company Royal Engineers

31.12.95: S Mining recruits course

13.1.98: Lance Corporal

7.10.1898: Passed classes of instruction as an electrician: ‘Skilled’

13.10.98: Signed declaration of secrecy as to Brennan Torpedo

19.5.1896: Classified as ‘Superior’ electrician

6.5.97: Classified as ‘Very superior’ electrician

1.3.00: Promoted Corporal

24.3.00: Transferred to No 4 Balloon Section Royal Engineers

1900: Short course of military ballooning at Royal Engineers Balloon School, Aldershot

12.6.1900-28.10.1902: South Africa, 2 years 139 days

1902: Enlisted to complete 12 years with the colours

7.2.02: Transferred to Searchlight Section Royal Engineers, South Africa

26.6.02: Promoted Staff Sergeant, Electrical

29.10.1902-12.3.1906: Home

25.10.1904: First class certificate of education.  Awarded by the War Office

20.02.1905: Re-engaged to complete 21 years of service

13.3.1906-6.1.1911: Posted to Malta, 4 years 200 days

7.1.1911-31.12.1916: Home

24.4.12: Wounds dressed and treated for shock at Colchester Hospital (cause of wounds and shock unknown)

24.4.12-3.5.12: Admitted to Military Hospital, Pembroke Dock with auto-septic disease, wounds and confusion.

Wounds contused and treated with antiseptic dressings. In hospital for 12 days

1913: Mechanist Quartermaster Sergeant

1911-1916: Home

Military service 1914-1916

Rank: Mechanist (Elec) Sergeant Major then Lieutenant from 1917

Service Number: 28900

Military Unit: Royal Engineers, Establishment for Engineers Services then Royal Flying Corps from 1917

Theatre of War: served in the U.K. so did not enter a theatre of war

23.8.1915: Promoted from Quartermaster Sergeant to Mechanist (Elec.) Sgt Major due to the discharge of Mechanist (Elec) Sgt Major Strugnell. Stationed at Pembroke Dock.

31.12.1916: Discharged at own request after 18 years of service with a view to pension under a pay warrant and for the purpose of being appointed to a Commission. During his service he was employed as an Inspector of Electrical Machinery for War Office. Place of discharge Horse Guards, Whitehall, London. Intended place of residence 12 Hawshead Road, Catford, London S.W.8.

Conduct: Exemplary

Length of service: army judged him to have served 21 years and 320 days

Next of kin: William Eastwood (brother)

Trained electrician. Skills described as ‘very superior’ on war record and character described as exemplary.

Description at discharge: Age 39 years 10 months. Height 5ft 11ins, chest 40 ins, complexion fresh, eyes blue, hair brown.

20.1.1917: London Gazette Ernest Taylor Eastwood to be Temp. Hon. Lt. (without Army Pay or allowances) whilst emplyd. as an Asst. Inspr. Aeronautical Inspn. Dept.

5.1918: London Gazette, appointed Lieutenant with effect from 1.11.1918. His Royal Flying Corps (later R.A.F.) record states he had over twenty years experience in electrical communication, search lighting, coast defences, and power schemes, design and erection of mains in the Royal Engineers. Inspection of electrical machinery and materials generally.

Medals Awarded:

South African Medals King and Queens 1899-1902

Clasps, “Belfast”, Cape Colony and Orange Free State

Kings African medal with Date, clasps 1901 and 1902.

Long service and good conduct with gratuity 1913

Recommended to Secretary of State for War for Valuable Services rendered during the war as Warrant Officer 1st Class R.E. Gazette 27 February 1917.

Death

Ernest Taylor Eastwood  died in Radcliffe on Trent, July 11th 1918. The cause of his death was carcinoma of the rectum and secondary carcinoma of the liver. His eldest brother William was present at  his death which was certified by local Radcliffe on Trent doctor, Dr. Allaway. His occupation is given as Lieutenant, Royal Flying Corps. His  will gives his rank as Lieutenant and date of death as 11th July 1918.  Administration to Henry John Eastwood, brother, works manager. Effects £321.6s.6d. His brother William Eastwood died in 1923.

After Ernest died, Mrs Norton of 64 Derby Road, Ipswich, as ‘Guardian of child’, claimed for a dependant’s pension on behalf of his child (daughter Winifred). In the 1911 census Mrs Hannah Norton of the above address was recorded as a certified midwife. No pension details are given, but it appears that the claim was successful as there are dates on the pension card between 1921 and 1928, when Winifred was sixteen and the pension would cease. Winifred married William Soper in 1938 in Ipswich and they later emigrated to Canada; they had three children.

Reasons for inclusion on the Radcliffe on Trent Roll of Honour

Born, lived and died in Radcliffe on Trent.